Many consider our ability to record information for long-term usage is one of the many reasons that our species was able to advance in the way that it has. Books provide new generations to learn from generations past, allowing information and storytelling to pass through the ages.
While many consider the Christian bible as one of the oldest books in the world, it’s actually relatively young compared to some of the books in this list, and all worth checking out for those needing something to read between games from bingo cafe UK.
1. Madrid Codex
The Madrid Codex, also known as the Tro-Cortesianus Codex, was discovered in Spain in the 1860s and is one of the only surviving books attributable to the Mayan pre-Columbian culture of around 900–1521 AD.
Most likely produced in Yucatán, the novel is published in Yucatecan, which contains Yucatec, Itza, Lacandon, and Mopan. Experts disagree on the precise date of creation of the Madrid Codex, although some say it was produced before the 16th century Spanish conquest. The book is currently being held in Madrid, Spain, at the Museo de América.
2. Celtic Psalter
The Celtic Psalter is defined as the Kells Book of Scotland. Psalms ‘ pocket-sized book is located at Edinburgh University, where it first appeared on show in 2009.
It is believed that the book was produced in the 11th century AD, making it the earliest living book in Scotland.
3. Gutenberg Bible
In 1454-1455 AD they were published. Printed by Johannes Gutenberg, in Mainz, Germany, it is considered to be the oldest printed book in the West using modern printing–although many centuries earlier in China evidence was discovered of similar printed material, such as the Diamond Sūtra.
Currently there are 48 initial copies, of which 21 are full. One of these books can be found in the New York City library.
A ‘siddur’ was discovered in 2013, as one of the most significant findings of the year, and is a Jewish prayer book dating back to around 840 AD.
The entire paper, still in its initial binding, is so ancient that it includes Babylonian vowel pointing –similar to the English vocabulary of Old or Middle English.
This gave specialists the data they needed to date the novel back to the Geonim period– which was governed by Babylonian & Talmudic rulers.
5. St Cuthbert Gospel
The St Cuthbert Gospel, bought by the British Library in 2012 for £ 9 million pounds as part of a fundraising initiative, is Europe’s earliest recognized remaining intact book. The book was buried on the island of Lindisfarne off Northumberland in about 698 AD with St Cuthbert, an early British Christian leader.
The book was shifted to Durham in an attempt to keep it from Viking raiders, where it narrowly avoided destruction, barely surviving the Vikings conquests.
6. Nag Hammadi
Considered to be some of the earliest remaining bound novels in the world, they were first discovered in 1945 by a local in the city of Nag Hammadi in Upper Egypt. They discovered 13 leather bound papyrus codices placed inside a locked container.
The novels are dated around the first half of the 4th century AD, comprised primarily of Gnostic texts. Written in the Coptic language, it is believed that the codices were originally translated from Greek.